Cosmetics Blast From The Past
Author: FRILLER Date Posted:1 May 2017
Makeup and eyeshadow have always been essential parts of any beauty regimen. Throughout the years, scientific and technological advances have made more colours widely available throughout the world. It has never been easier to obtain the makeup and eyeshadow that is perfect for your complexion, skin type, eye colour and style of fashion.
Using beauty products like makeup and eyeshadows found in this category on friller, can be your secret weapon. There are multiple uses for these products as well as dozens of possibilities to learn how to use them properly.
History of Makeup
Let's get started. So, makeup has been around since ancient times, with evidence of their use dating back to 10,000 BCE.
The ancient Egyptians were the first to truly incorporate beauty products into their daily routine. Women and men from these times used scented oils to soften their skin, mask body odour and scent their clothing. Common essential oils and scents included rosemary, chamomile, lavender, rose, aloe, olive oil, sesame oil and myrrh.
Creams aided Egyptians in preventing dried, chapped and sunburnt skin. They made great use of kohl eyeliner and golden eyeshadow, as we see with depictions of Cleopatra and King Tut.
Around 4000 BCE
The discovery of copper, lead, and other semi-precious gemstone veins provided Egyptians with a broader colour palette. Egyptian women would often apply something called galena mesdemet (a blend of copper and lead ore) and malachite to their cheeks and eyelids. These ladies kept their cosmetics beneath their beds in boxes.
Era of 3000 BCE
Grecian women began to take notice of Egyptian beauty. To lighten their faces, they would rub a foundation of white lead (and later chalk) then rouge their cheeks with mulberries or stain their lips with ochre clay. Sometimes they would use oxen hair to apply fake eyebrows.
Now, let’s look at Ancient China
In order to define one's social class, people would stain their fingernails with symbolic colours using gum, gelatin, beeswax, and egg albumin. Unfortunately, the lower class wasn’t allowed to paint their nails.
Later on, Japanese and Chinese citizens were making use of white power from rice to colour their faces. Japanese women in royalty would frequently shave their eyebrows off and paint their teeth black.
In Rome around 100 AD
People covered their faces and necks in barley flour and butter to prevent pimples and used sheep blood on their fingernails for polish. Roman men used to dye their hair blond during this period.
Renaissance, from 1500 AD to 1600 AD
Women again turned to lightening their skin using white lead paint. Even Queen Elizabeth I relied on this toxic blend to remain youthful. Blonde hair again rises in popularity and people begin mixing together black sulphur, alum and honey as a form of lightener to put on their hair and let it bake in the sun.
Makeup Recipes from the 1800s
These will boggle your mind- a recipe for washing the complexion was one teaspoon of sulfuric flour and a full wine glass of lime water, shaken well and then mixed with half a wine-glass of glycerin and another half glass of rose water.
Fortunately, it was also during the 1800s when society finally realised that copper, mercury and lead powders were highly dangerous. Many women also wore belladonna around their eyes, despite the fact that it's poisonous.
For a while, the use of makeup was seen as vulgar, especially during the Victorian ages. Women who wore it were considered promiscuous and only stage actors could openly wear it during performances.
From the 1900s to Now
The 1900s were a time of enterprise and experimentation. No one can deny that. This is especially true for the fashion and beauty industry.
Big brand mascara was first developed around 1910. Women had begun to use hot wax or petroleum jelly to give their eyelashes a fuller appearance which is just like how we use eyelash entensions these days to achieve the same. The inventor of one such brand named the first mascara formula after his sister. This gives a whole new meaning to the phrase “maybe she's born with it.”
During the 1920s
Another major brand introduced the first variant of lip gloss for women. Red lipstick was vogue and demonstrated female independence. Most of these lipsticks and glosses were soap-based and they often dried lips out. Also invented was a contraption called Kurlash—the first eyelash curler—despite being unwieldy, it was extremely popular.
There have been a lot of discoveries made about makeup and eyeshadow and the ways to make them healthy for the users. Popularity has again risen to an all-time high. Now, people are using makeup to paint living art. Simply check out the lipstick artwork of some artists or the prowess of some of the legendary cosmeticians.
From Lead Powder Alchemy to Modern Chemistry
The amazing history of makeup and eyeshadow is as eye-opening as the list of ingredients that were considered common throughout the years. Nowadays, products are much safer.
Let’s take a look at what goes into some recognised makeup staples as well some specific ingredients:
Mascara – Once mascara was merely ground dust, coal or tar and semi-precious stones. Before this concoction was called “mascara,” it was called “kohl.” Now mascara contains more natural ingredients like water, wax, carbon for black colour or iron oxide for brown.
Foundations and Powders – Minerals, oils (like castor oil or coconut oil) and pigments come together to create a balanced skin tone and hide blemishes.
Carmine – A famous red pigment. You might be surprised to learn that this colour is the result of a secretion from cochineal insects. Sometimes the exoskeletons or whole bug is used to form the basis of the dye.
Mineral mica – Shimmery mica is often used for adding a touch of glitter to eyeshadows and powder. The purpose is to not only add shine but to decrease the visibility of oils.
Guanine – Also known as fish scales. These are crushed up and added to nail polish, mascara and eyeshadow to add lustre.
The Eyeshadow Blend
Not all eyeshadows are created equal!
However, almost all of them start with the same base ingredients:
To start, a cosmetic-grade talc or mica is used. Matte eyeshadows may prefer kaolin clay over more powdery examples. Then a binder is added. Common binders are often compounds of zinc or magnesium. Silica, nylon, dimethicone, boron nitride or bismuth oxychloride are also blended in to create a “slip,” allowing the shadow to be spread across the eyelid easily. Lastly, a preservative is added.
Organic or natural eyeshadow will use tocopherols (vitamin E) while a brand that uses more synthetic ingredients will make use of propylene glycol or another glycol form. The preservatives are designed to inhibit bacteria growth.
Depending on the type of eyeshadow you use- cream or powder- the bases are slightly different. Cream shadows are better for people who wear contact lenses or who have sensitive skin. Powder eyeshadows often contain large, flaky filaments that can irritate the eyes or skin. Meanwhile, cream eyeshadows are oiled based and contain soothing ingredients like beeswax, castor oil, jojoba oil and shea butter.
There are so many options to choose from...
The best one for you comes down to experimentation.
So go out and have fun and don't be afraid to experiment a little and try innovative and new products.